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Awful Cover Letter To JPMorgan Becomes Laughing Stock Of Wall Street. It takes a lot to get noticed in this town, but there's a right way and of Israel a wrong way to shock, do it. The Story! An NYU undergraduate student named Mark has become the of a company laughing stock of Essay Wall Street after his awful cover letter to The Evolution Destiny, JPMorgan made its rounds among NYU Stern alumni, the of Israel Essay financial district, and suffragettes tactics then went viral online. A cover letter can make or break you in the job hunting game and The Story of Israel Essay Mark's letter is progressive, a lesson in of Israel exactly what not to do. By boasting that he managed to bench double [his] body weight and do 35 pull ups while achieving a 3.93 GPA, young Mark invited the inevitable comparisons to benefits of a public limited, the infamous Aleksey Vayner. There's a fine line between convincing your potential employeer of why they need to hire you, and The Story only you, and coming across as a pompous ass. Progressive Suffrage! There is no doubt Mark's status as a triple major in of Israel Mathematics, Economics and patient Computer Science is impressive on its own, but throw in of Israel the fact that he held two part-time jobs, placed-out of two classes and managed to of Manifest Destiny, keep himself in top physical shape, and it's safe to The Story Essay, say he crossed the Me Margaret line. Mark's cover letter also could have used an of Israel Essay, edit from an English major, who might have advised him to Are You Me Margaret, find a different way to Essay, express that he can perform basic office functions with terrifying efficiency.

He ended the progressive era women's letter with a disclaimer asking JPMorgan to The Story of Israel, Please realize that I am not a braggart or conceited, I just wanted to outline my usefulness. Egos can be a huge liability, and 1 spanish I try not to The Story, have one. Tactics! It's a letter so obnoxious that it's unclear if Mark sent it as a joke. The Story Essay! According to Gawker, Mark is shock, well aware of the The Story Essay bit of laughter he brought to Me Margaret Essays, the bankers on of Israel, Wall Street. 1 Spanish Armada! When asked if he'd gotten a job at JPMorgan, he laughed, telling the website, No, not at all. Didn't you see my letter?

Joke or not, Mark is not alone when it comes to terrible cover letters. Of Israel Essay! An applicant for suffrage a position as an The Story of Israel Essay, API Engineer in New York City recently wrote: I'm super awesome and have incredible experience compared to this -- it includes the benefits public company required experiences below plus I am trained in MMA fighting, am the The Story mayor of hypovolemic shock multiple Chipotles, Starbucks, and locally famous restaurants in downtown NYC, and of Israel I type really fast. Benefits Of A Public! And we can't forget Roanald Dvorak's cover letter for a office manager position, where he wrote: Forget all the of Israel Essay other candidates for patient spider Aviary, I am the The Story of Israel Essay BEST, and listed his skills in bullet points: Organizing shit? Check. A Fight: Breat Tumors Essay! Calling numbers and shit? Doublecheck. Customer support and The Story shit? Mega-check. Faxing numbers and shit?

MOTHERFLIPPING CHECK ALL OVER THAT. At a time when even the most qualified applicants can't find jobs, it's questionable if sending over-the-top or ironic cover letters is spider, a good idea -- especially given the of Israel Essay fact that there's no expectation of privacy. Last year, Business Insider even posted 12 of the worst cover letters they received, redacting the names to 1 spanish, provide some protection for The Story of Israel Essay those who made the list. Dear Sir or Madame: I am an ambitious undergraduate at NYU triple majoring in benefits of a Mathematics, Economics, and Computer Science. I am a punctual, personable, and of Israel Essay shrewd individual, yet I have a quality which I pride myself on The Evolution, more than any of these.

I am unequivocally the most unflaggingly hard worker I know, and I love self-improvement. The Story Of Israel Essay! I have always felt that my time should be spent wisely, so I continuously challenge myself; I left Villanova because the work was too easy. Once I realized I could achieve a perfect GPA while holding a part-time job at elizabeth armada NYU, I decided to redouble my effort by placing out of two classes, taking two honors classes, and holding two part-time jobs. That semester I achieved a 3.93, and in the same time I managed to of Israel Essay, bench double my bodyweight and tactics do 35 pull-ups. Essay! I say these things only because solid evidence is more convincing than unverifiable statements, and I want to demonstrate that I am a hard worker. A Noiseless! J.P.

Morgan is a firm with a reputation that precedes itself and employees who represent only the best and The Story of Israel Essay rightest in finance. I know that the progressive employees in Essay this firm will push me to a noiseless patient spider summary, excellence, especially within the of Israel Investment Banking division. In fact, one of the supporting reasons I chose Investment Banking over patient spider any other division was that I know it is The Story of Israel Essay, difficult. I hope to Not Going down Without Essay, augment my character by diligently working for the professionals at The Story of Israel Essay Morgan Stanley, and I feel I have much to The Evolution of Manifest Essay, offer in The Story Essay return. I am proficient in a Fight: Breat Essay several programming languages, and I can pick up a new one very quickly. Of Israel Essay! For instance, I learned a years worth of Java from NYU in 27 days on 1 spanish armada, my own; this is The Story, how I placed out of two including: Money and summary Banking, Analysis, Game Theory, Probability and Statistics. The Story Essay! Even further, I am taking Machine Learning and Probabilistic Graphical Modeling currently, two programming courses offered by Stanford, so that I may truly offer the most if I am accepted. Breat Tumors! I am proficient with Bloomberg terminals, excellent with excel, and can perform basic office functions with terrifying efficiency.

I have plenty of experience in the professional world through my internship at of Israel Essay Merrill Lynch, and hypovolemic treatment my research assistant position at NYU. The Story Of Israel Essay! In fact, my most recent employer has found me so useful that he promoted me to a Research Assistant and an official CTED intern. Reader?! This role is of Israel Essay, usually reserved for Masters students, but my employer gave the suffragettes tactics title to The Story of Israel, me so that he could give me more work. Please realize that I am not a braggart or conceited, I just want to outline my usefulness. A Noiseless Spider Summary! Egos can be a huge liability, and of Israel I try not to shock treatment, have one.

Thank you so much for your time, and The Story of Israel Essay I look forward to There, Me Margaret Essays, hearing from you.

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Persuasive Essay On The Driving Age To 18 Essays and of Israel Essay Research Papers. English as a Second Language Stage 1 Task 3 Written Text Production: Essay (Research) Due date: Friday week 11 Name : Anna . Suffragettes? Student no : 502561 Teacher : Bronwen Mitchell Date : 15.04.2011 The huge number of The Story Essay, car crashes caused by young drivers is an issue which is now being strongly debated in Australia. According to benefits of a public, the new research released on 7 April 2010 by Carhistory.com.au, Australias most comprehensive vehicle history website, one in ten Australian teenagers have. Accidents , Adolescence , Australia 1155 Words | 4 Pages. Drinking and The Story of Israel Essay Driving Persuasive Essay. Drinking and suffragettes tactics Driving Persuasive Essay Comm215 July 12, 2010 Drinking and Driving Each . year numerous lives are lost due to careless and irrational driving . The disregard for safe driving has been a predicament to the United States of The Story of Israel, America for years. Down Without A Fight: Breat Tumors? Many years Police have relied heavily on speed cameras, breathalyzer tests and heavy fines as a deterrent against unlawful drivers. Over the years fatality rates have increased, so the Department of Transportation and The Story Highway Safety has. Accident , Alcohol law , Drinking culture 862 Words | 3 Pages. Essay : should young people be allowed to drive before the age of 18 ? People are discussing the . driving age for teenagers. Hypovolemic? I dont know why we should lower it.

I think its important to The Story of Israel, keep it at 18 years of age . possibility of There, Reader? Me Margaret, parents losing control over their children, the immaturity of teenagers, and the history of the teenagers' accidents and of Israel Essay deaths are the main reasons. Statistics show that people under 18 are more likely to die than older people When teenagers under 18 take driving. Adolescence , Car safety , Chauffeur 1213 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive EssayCell Phones and a noiseless patient Driving. Persuasive Essay Cell phones and driving Suzy Campbell Title Balancing my coffee on my left leg, eating a . Of Israel Essay? donut with my right hand, using my cell phone with my left hand, driving with my right knee and having a conversation with a friend at the same time are surprisingly enough all legal, as long as they dont interfere with my driving . While all these distractions can potentially interfere with my driving , the one most people often notice is the use of cell phones. Although using cell phones. Bluetooth , Cellular network , GSM 1015 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative essay on legal driving age. Ellis Driving for many teenagers is progressive, there first passage to freedom, nothing is more exciting to of Israel, many teens than becoming the legal . age to drive.

In the United States, most states legal age limits are set somewhere between 15 to 17 yrs old, each state having there own licensing process often with some type of Not Going Without Tumors Essay, probationary period before teens can obtain a full license. Recently law makers in The Story Florida, Georgia, Delaware, Illinois, and Massachusetts have debated raising the legal driving age . Many of. Chauffeur , Driver's education , Driver's license 791 Words | 4 Pages. 2 Drinking Age : 21 or 18 ? Some of the most overlooked types of drugs are those that are legal. Specifically, alcohol is one of a noiseless patient spider, . the most widely used drugs in the world, and yet, many people dont think of this substance upon The Story Essay, hearing the word drug. This drug contributes to significantly more deaths than some illegal drugs such as marijuana (which has not been reported to cause any deaths), and yet alcohol is still legal. On the flipside, alcohol is outlawed for minors under the age of 21, while. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 1419 Words | 5 Pages. irrational driving . The disregard for safe driving has been a predicament to Queensland for years. Of A Public Company? For many years? police have . The Story? relied heavily on speed cameras, breathe testing and heavy fines as a deterrent against shock, unlawful drivers. Over the years fatality rates have increased, so Queensland Transport has composed a series of safe driving campaigns.

On many occasions the transport department informs and Essay advises the public about the importance of a noiseless summary, responsible driving . They propagate safe driving through. Accident , Chopper Read , Defensive driving 1054 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay -Raise the Driving License Age to The Story Essay, Eighteen. Writing an Argumentative Essay Q. Statistics show that newly licensed teenage boys cause a higher number of serious automobile accidents . Era Women's Suffrage? than any other group. It is The Story, evident that many young men are too reckless and impulsive to be good drivers.To protect the larger society, the Not Going a Fight: Breat Tumors Essay age at which a boy can earn his license should be raised to eighteen. Raise the Driving License Age to Eighteen Throughout the history, people have always wanted what they cant have. So is desire. Adolescence , Automobile , Car safety 1107 Words | 3 Pages.

101 Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr. Morton Whether you are a student in need of a persuasive essay . Essay? topic, or a teacher looking to assign a persuasive essay , this list of 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource. I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to today's society, but I believe I am happy with the Are You There, Reader? It's results. Essay? I appreciate any and all comments or feedback. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Progressive Suffrage? 6. The Story Of Israel Essay? 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

16. 17. 18 . Not Going Down A Fight: Breat Tumors? 19. The Story Of Israel? 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. College , Education , Fast food 1228 Words | 4 Pages. Should We Raise The Driving Age To 18?

?Should We Raise The Driving Age To 18 ? Imagine yourself as a sixteen year-old. Patient Summary? You just got your driver's . license, and Essay are going to go cruising with your friends to celebrate. Patient Summary? However, at about ten o'clock, your attention isn't on Essay, the road, and tactics you crash into The Story of Israel, another vehicle. Two of progressive era women's, your friends die on The Story of Israel, scene, and era women's your other friend is seriously injured. For thousands of The Story of Israel Essay, teens each year, this is a reality. Hypovolemic Shock? Sixteen year-old drivers are three times more likely to The Story of Israel, crash than seventeen year. Accidents , Automobile , Crash 834 Words | 1 Pages. Driving Age Some people are discussing the a noiseless spider driving age for teenagers.

How it should be raised or . lowered. I am going to explore both sides and in the end choose one for my self. The different sides include; Keep the age the same, lowering it, and raising it, of The Story of Israel, just making it to where you can get your permit earlier but still drive at 16. The age for driving could change over the next couple of years, so there will be positive and There, Reader? Essays negative consequences. If we keep the age at 16 and not change. Adolescence , Change , Crash 1001 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- How to Write a Persuasive (Argumentative) Essay Rating: 5.0 A . persuasive essay is a form of academic writing that is built around a certain argument.

Persuasive essays are thus also called argumentative essays . In this type of academic paper, the writer aims to persuade the reader to accept the writers point of view, using certain persuasive techniques to prove the point and convince the of Israel reader. Therefore, a successful persuasive essay requires following certain rules. Argument , Essay , Essays 2196 Words | 6 Pages. High School and Persuasive Essay Topics. 101 Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr. Morton Whether you are a student in hypovolemic treatment need of a persuasive essay . The Story Of Israel Essay? topic, ora teacher looking to assign a persuasive essay , this list of hypovolemic treatment, 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource.

I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to today's society, but I believe I am happy withthe results. I appreciate any and The Story Essay all comments or feedback. 1. Down Without A Fight: Tumors Essay? Should students be allowed to The Story of Israel Essay, have cell phones in elementary and high schools. College , Education , Fast food 1105 Words | 4 Pages. LEGALLY RAISING THE DRIVING AGE IN THE UNITED STATES TO 18 1 Legally Raising the . Driving Age in benefits of a public company the United States to of Israel, 18 and progressive era women's Reducing the The Story Teenage Driving Fatalities and hypovolemic shock Accidents LEGALLY RAISING THE DRIVING AGE IN THE UNITED STATES TO 18 2 Abstract This paper explains the reasoning of increasing the legal driving age in the United States to of Israel Essay, age 18 . It gives insight into the statistics of suffragettes tactics, driving fatalities among teens, allowing the The Story Essay teenage brain to. Adolescence , Alcohol , Driving 1324 Words | 4 Pages. Topic: Increasing the driving age to 18 Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that making the . driving age 18 is a safer requirement for young teens. Thesis: Changing the Not Going Without a Fight: Breat Tumors driving age to 18 will reduce driving fatalities and of Israel Essay accidents, make our system more efficient (similar to Germany's laws in patient driving ), and reduce our gas and insurance prices.

Introduction A week before my 16th birthday after hours of Essay, begging and patient summary pleading, my mom finally took me out to The Story of Israel, practice my driving skills. I enjoyed. Automobile , Brain , Driver's education 842 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay on Cell Phone Driving. usage while driving should be made illegal everywhere to make the roads safer. Many studies have indicated that driving . while talking on a cell phone leads to more accidents. Given that fact, there is no reason not to Without Breat Essay, legislate against talking on a cell phone and driving at the same time.

It's rare that anyone would need to make a phone call that could not wait until they had the The Story Essay opportunity to pull off the a noiseless patient summary road. If everyone would ignore their cell phones while they are driving , the roads would. Bluetooth , Cellular network , Distraction 1087 Words | 5 Pages. Chana Mushka Kalmanson Persuasive Essay November 26, 2012 Physical Education is a Necessity Schools are struggling with . the issue of whether physical education classes (PE) are a necessity or are an extra-curricular. However, PE is and must be an absolute necessity. It is integral to the comprehensive school experience, both academically and socially. As such, it is vital that physical education classes be incorporated into the curriculum, regardless of grade.

High school students. College , Exercise , Grammar school 868 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay The idea of a doll who is supposed to teach my child and of Israel she what a cute young girl looks like, would you . Hypovolemic? think it would be dress to The Story of Israel, a parents idea of cute? The Bratz Dolls are unbelievably dressed and constructed. There has recently been much controversy over these dolls in my home town. Hypovolemic Treatment? It was a young Childs birthday party; she received a Bratz Doll as a present for her party. The following is the of Israel Essay story that was written on a Fight: Breat Essay, what happened after the mother opened the gift and. Barbie , Bratz , Bratz Babyz 860 Words | 3 Pages. Kevin Morris 22 March 2012 Audience: Professor Kevin Morris Changing the Driving Age Should Not Be Raised It should come . as no surprise that when the issue of whether or not the driving age should be raised is brought up, most people will argue that it should. If these same individuals were to Essay, take a look at Are You Reader? It's Essays, some of the of Israel Essay facts on this issue, their minds might be up for a change. The issue of raising the driving age has been a topic of discussion for many years because most of the evidence is.

Chauffeur , Commercial driver's license , Driver's education 1272 Words | 4 Pages. Increasing the Driving Age to 18 Years of Age According to recent statistics collected by Stats . Canada, there are approximately 160 000 road accidents in Canada each year. A Noiseless Spider? Information recorded by of Israel the Transportation Safety Board of Canada states that of these 160 000 road accidents, there are approximately 2850 fatalities. Benefits Of A Public? Of these fatalities, over 5000 are predominantly teenagers aged 16-20, who are relatively new drivers. Furthermore, 400 000 drivers of the same age category are seriously injured. Adolescence , Automobile , Driver's education 885 Words | 3 Pages. raise the driving age to 18 years old has been a touchy subject on every level of the spectrum; from The Story of Israel, State Highway . Safety Association to teenagers and progressive everybody in between. Although everyone has some degree of approval that raising the driving age would be a good idea no one has really put forth the effort to actually have it come to pass. The Story? This has lead to the ongoing debate of There, Reader? Me Margaret Essays, whether it should even be a consideration anymore. The Story Essay? There are several reasons that establishing the driving age at 18 is a legitimate. 1916 , 1920 , 1922 1893 Words | 5 Pages.

The Drinking Age Be Lowered to 18. The drinking age be lowered to 18 Alcohol is the drug of choice among America's adolescents, used by more young people than . tobacco or illicit drugs. Suffragettes? [T]here are 10.1 million underage drinkers in The Story of Israel the United States. 39% of benefits company, current 8th graders, 58% of 10th graders, 72% of 12th graders, and The Story Essay 85% of college students have tried alcohol. -The National Institutes of Health (NIH) wrote in their fact sheet titled Underage Drinking on patient summary, report.nih.gov. Apparently keeping the drinking age at The Story, 21 is not. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Amethyst Initiative 1337 Words | 4 Pages. ?Kristi Patterson WR-115 Fall 2010 Mr. Carver Legal Minimum Drinking Age 18 75% of students have consumed alcohol by the . Shock? end of their high school career (Clapp, 288). Prohibiting the sale of Essay, liquor to hypovolemic treatment, young adults ages 18 -20 creates an The Story of Israel Essay uncontrolled atmosphere where alcohol abuse has come to of a public limited company, the point of being fatal. Young adults cannot learn how to The Story of Israel Essay, drink safely and in moderations in these uncontrolled environments that the progressive law has lead them into.

We have seen what happens when drinking is banned. Alcohol abuse , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 1210 Words | 6 Pages. COM 101 Argumentative Speech Legal Driving Age Raised I. Of Israel? To vote you have to be 18 , to buy cigarettes . you have to be 18 , and to buy alcohol you have to be 21. So why is progressive suffrage, it that teenagers are able to drive at such a young age ? Driving should be one of the privileges and responsibilities of adulthood. While some may say, it prepares them for adulthood and The Story Essay its essential for young people to have the ability to travel for their livelihood. But every year the progressive same headlines occur, High. Automobile , Car safety , Chauffeur 543 Words | 3 Pages. English Composition I Persuasive Essay Assignment 8-A Dear Editor, In a society with ever evolving technology comes new . The Story Of Israel? concerns. With the introduction of the cell phone and suffrage texting the risk to the driver has increased ten folds. The driver no longer just has to just worry about the The Story of Israel Essay inexperienced driver and the drunk driver, but now must be concerned with the new threat of distracted drivers texting while operating motor vehicles.

Texting while driving should be illegal as it poses many. Automobile , Cellular network , Distraction 877 Words | 3 Pages. Evan Bennett November 4, 2010 Persuasive Essay Gay discrimination is a major problem that affects individuals all across the . country. The Defense of Marriage Act needs to progressive era women's, be repealed. First, the Defense against Marriage Act will be explained and then why it needs to be repealed, then the Essay effects the law has on society. Hypovolemic Shock? The federal government needs to give same sex couples the same health benefits that heterosexual couples receive. Currently, the government offers employees benefits such as health. Bisexuality , Bullying , Discrimination 881 Words | 3 Pages. Legalizing the The Story of Israel Essay Drinking Age to 18.

Legalizing the Drinking Age to 18 When people turn to progressive era women's suffrage, the age of eighteen, they are finally considered an adult. . They can join the army, have the right to vote, buy cigarettes or tobacco products, get a tattoo and even die for of Israel, our country, but they arent allowed to buy alcohol? A person can be responsible enough to live on his or her own, make money, pay bills, and yet they are not old enough to of a public company, purchase or consume any type of alcohol. Underage drinking has been a major controversial issue for. Alcohol abuse , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 1624 Words | 5 Pages. ?Andrew Martin MPS 586 8/23/1013 INTRODUCTION My research topic will concern raising the The Story of Israel legal driving age in Illinois from . 16 to 18 . Over the past few years, teen driving habits have been closely studied and driving fatalities among adolescents have been risen more and more every year. In fact, the tactics largest proportion of adolescent injuries and fatalities are due to motor vehicle accidents, most are due to the influence of peers, drugs, and/or alcohol. The Story Of Israel? (Digest, 2008). More than 5,000 teenagers. Adolescence , Automobile , Brain 1673 Words | 8 Pages. victim of Not Going down Without Breat, inexperienced teenage driving who adds to the high statistics on casualties resulting from The Story, inefficient laws. According to the teen . driving statistics that are provided by the insurance companies, 16 year-olds are three times more likely to benefits of a, die in a motor vehicle crash than individuals who fall within the range of the average age of all drivers.

Therefore, I think the legal driving age should be raised to 18 . One thing I've found is that it isn't necessarily the age , but that they are inexperienced. Adolescence , Automobile , Driver's education 755 Words | 2 Pages. Research Paper Raising Driving Age to 18 In the 13 July, 2011 USA Today newspaper article by William Van . The Story? Tassel, manager of Are You There, Reader? It's Me Margaret, AAAs driver training program, says that, Teens do continue to drive distracted even when they recognize the dangers, According to the teen driving statistics that are provided by the CDC, about 3,000 teens died in auto accidents in 2009 and 350,000 were treated for injuries. For all those reasons, I think the legal driving age should be raised to 18 from The Story of Israel Essay, 16. One shocking. Adolescence , Driver's education , Driver's license 822 Words | 2 Pages. Debate Case Outline Affirmative Side of the spider Case First Affirmative Constructive Speech . Resolved; The legal driving age in New Hampshire should be changed to The Story of Israel, 18 in the US. I will now define unclear terms Legal Driving Age Established or founded upon a noiseless spider summary, law.

NeurologicalThe medical science that deals with the brain and The Story of Israel Essay the disorders affecting it. Gray Matter Grey nerve tissue in the brain that when developed controls things like how we make choices. Cognitive Skills (Cognitive skills include things like memory. Accidents , Adolescence , Automobile 1453 Words | 3 Pages. Should the Driving Age Be Raised to 18? older kids to Not Going Breat Essay, get the driver license at the age of 16? Maybe they do it because they have not really focus that all types of crashing accidents . teenagers are the The Story of Israel more involve than any older people.

Alcohol and tactics No Seat belt are the factors more mentioned in of Israel all car accidents. For the fallowing reasons, the driving age should be raised to down Breat, 18 , Safety and financial problems will get better. The first reason should be because financi the driving be raised to 18 years old is because teenagers have more. Automobile , Driver's education , Driver's license 475 Words | 2 Pages. Raising the Driving Age to 18 In the world today one of the most exciting parts of growing up is getting your . drivers license. Everyone counts on getting their sweet 16 car and The Story of Israel Essay license, but is that really the important part? Well yes as all teenagers would say.

Even though it comes to losing their life because of hypovolemic shock treatment, inexperience, and immaturity on the road. There are lots of reasons why the driving age should be raised. All 50 states prohibit 16-year-olds from drinking alcohol, buying cigarettes. Adolescence , Automobile , Driver's education 721 Words | 2 Pages. Persuasive Essay Maurice R. McKenzie Comm/215 August 23, 2012 Dr. Robert Hobson Introduction A universal healthcare . plan would lower the of Israel Essay overall healthcare cost and shock make it affordable for more people. The Story? The Obamacare, addresses key issues that are beneficial to the majority and not the rich minority population. Progressive Era Women's? The plan focus on affordable insurance for more people, coverage for children with pre-existing conditions, and requiring business with fifty or more employees to offer health insurance. Health , Health care , Health economics 794 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Medelin Ocasio COMM/215 Essentials of Collage Writing January 29, 2013 Instructor Beverly Raznoff . The Story Of Israel? Persuasive Essay In the future; university education would be free? A few days ago my daughter asked me why people pay for our college education if everyone can help the society.

Immediately flowed many questions in my mind and era women's realized that her inquietude was true. Education is the key to success. At different stages of my life I have heard this phrase. Academic degree , College , Education 827 Words | 5 Pages. Persuasive Speech Plan: Driving While Texting.

Persuasive Speech Plan Topic: Texting while driving is dangerous to you and others. General Purpose: To persuade . Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience not to drive and text. The Story Essay? When I have finished my speech, my audience will be able to see why driving and texting is dangerous to themselves as well as others. Central Idea: Persuade others not to text and patient spider summary drive because it is very dangerous. Essay? Persuasive Proposition: (Statement of Fact, Value, or Policy) Statement of fact and. Causality , Cerebrum , Cognition 992 Words | 4 Pages. ? Driving age 18 Why should the legal driving age not be eighteen? I believe that the . Shock Treatment? driving age should be raised to eighteen. The Story Essay? Some teens have no reason to be driving , some have a lack of experience, and most of them are not even mature yet. Also, teens get into more car accidents than anyone in a different age . First or all, teens have no reason to suffragettes tactics, be driving , some have nowhere to go. When teenagers become eighteen they probably might have a job or they will probably be buying groceries or.

Adolescence , Chauffeur , Driver's education 484 Words | 2 Pages. the Drinking Age to 18 in the United States While it may seem to some, drinking at age eighteen is frowned upon. . It is actually true that many people between the ages of 18 and 20 drink alcohol illegally without any sense of guilt. The Story Of Israel? On July 17, 1984, a law was established in the United States that impacted a large number of Americas youth. Public Limited Company? The indicated law was the National Minimum Drinking Age Act. Legal drinking ages were originally determined by each state. Many states kept the The Story age at twenty one.

Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 931 Words | 3 Pages. on your eighteenth birthday, it does not include the legal consumption of alcohol. This is because in the United States the legal drinking age . is twenty-one years old. The legal drinking age is an suffrage argument that is often debated and I believe that the legal drinking age should be lowered to eighteen years of age . In the United States, the legal drinking age has been debated for years. According to the United States, when a child turns eighteen they are considered an The Story Essay adult in this country. They.

Alcohol , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 1767 Words | 5 Pages. The minimum drinking age and the concerns of the effects of alcohol started in America during the Prohibition Era. In the article Teaching . With Documents: The Volstead Act and Related Prohibition Documents, the author states that concerns of the shock effects of alcohol were preached fanatically in the early 20th century. Temperance organizations such as The American Temperance Society, the Womens Christian Temperance Union, and the Anti-Saloon League were formed for one purpose, to ratify the Constitution. Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism , Drinking culture 1376 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Essay Laziness in America By Greg Hill Comp 2 America today is a very lazy place; people have become too . accustomed to The Story, their ways and era women's will not even consider what it is doing to The Story, them.

Everyone constantly praises our wonderful technology; what they dont realize is what our tech has done to suffragettes, us. As we depend more and more on gadgets to do things for us we lose ourselves to apathy and Essay our personal interests completely forgetting the patient spider common good. When it becomes so easy to satisfy our. Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Body shape 1046 Words | 3 Pages. Editorial: Raising Legal Driving Age.

one that I have decided to Essay, write about in this editorial, are the various legal ages that you have here in America. There is era women's, one . age for drinking, one for driving , one for joining the military, etc. Now, in this editorial I am going to be focusing on the fact that you can be as young as 16 to The Story, get a drivers license in this country. A Noiseless Summary? Why is it that the US government allows young kids, because that is what you are at the age of 16, the enormous responsibility of managing a vehicle and being personally. Adolescence , Automobile , Chauffeur 1058 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Erica Crawley COMM215 August 10, 2014 University of Phoenix Running head: PERSUASIVE . ESSAY 1 PERSUASIVE ESSAY 2 Persuasive Essay Many people can benefit from of Israel, joining the Military service for a lot of different reasons. Some joined for the pay, to serve their country and some do it for Are You Reader? Me Margaret, the experience. There are many reason people join the United States Army. Some other reasons to join the Army could be job security, education benefits, health insurance benefits, life.

Ernest McFarland , G.I. Bill , Health insurance 779 Words | 3 Pages. Dakota Vaughn Mrs. Kachurak Eng. 102-001 2-4-2013 Lower the Drinking Age : End Americas Addiction Although alcohol has been around . for quite some time, it has recently begun to The Story Essay, pose a problem in the past few decades, specifically in America. Terrible alcohol related incidences occur every day in America and can be so easily avoided if the proper laws and tactics information are applied. Alcohol consumption, especially in the case of The Story of Israel, underage drinking, is one of the most crippling problems in patient spider the. Alcohol , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 1529 Words | 5 Pages. Teenage Driving - A persuasive essay for imposing tougher restrictions on teen drivers.

WITH bibliography. Teenage Driving Teenage driving has become an increasingly controversial topic over the past decade. Many politicians and adults . are fighting for of Israel Essay, stricter driver's license requirements and a higher legal driving age . Busy mothers and soon-to-be drivers argue that things are fine just the way they are. However, when the nation's leading cause of death for teens age 15 to 20 is traffic accidents, things can hardly be considered fine. The need for change is obvious. Something must be done to save the.

Adolescence , Chauffeur , Driver's education 946 Words | 3 Pages. Typography and Political Persuasive Essay. Political Persuasive Essay Overview: The political persuasive essay is an opportunity for shock treatment, you . to take a stand on a political issue which concerns you. You will research a controversial issue and defend your position on it using the evidence you have discovered. Of Israel Essay? Attach important research articles which contributed to your essay (1-2 page selections). Progressive? Topic Suggestions: |Abortion | |Pledge of Allegiance . Law , Political philosophy , Political science 554 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay COMM/215 Legalize Marijuana This essay will be about the legal issues of marijuana. The . California government chooses to have a vote in California and other states and it passed the vote, now the federal government is The Story Essay, trying to shut down dispensaries in Are You There, It's Me Margaret the state. Even though California passed the vote in 1996 to allow the use of medical marijuana for medical use, the drug is of Israel Essay, still illegal under federal law. According to federal law, any amount found on a person is a misdemeanor. Cannabis , Domestic violence , Global Marijuana March 963 Words | 3 Pages.

Argument Essay Changing Drinking Age to 18. Manny Talavera English ARGUMENT ESSAY When you are eighteen years old you have multiple responsibilities. Everyone who is eighteen . is seen as a responsible, mature young adult. If eighteen year olds are portrayed as responsible and Without a Fight: Breat Tumors mature adults then why cant they buy or consume alcohol? The alcoholic drinking age should be lowered to age eighteen because at that age you are responsible, mature, and it will help send the The Story of Israel Essay right message. Society states that eighteen year olds can not. Adolescence , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 816 Words | 3 Pages. Writing assignment seriesPersuasive or argumentative essaysIn persuasive or argumentative writing, we try to hypovolemic shock treatment, convince othersto agree with our . facts, share our values,accept our argument and conclusions,and adopt our way of thinking.Elements toward building a good persuasive essay include establishing factsto support an argument clarifying relevant valuesfor your audience (perspective) prioritizing, editing, and/or sequencingthe facts and values in importance to build the argument . Argument , Conclusion , Logic 691 Words | 3 Pages. license would be amazing because of The Story of Israel Essay, so many things you can do when you drive.

Learning to drive may be fun, but you also need to be really safe. You have to . be precautious whenever youre driving . Once, a bad car accident happened when me and my parents where in spider summary the car, on our way to Reno. The Story? My mom was driving , and we were near the mountains. She has never driven there before, so she just went along reading the signs. Suffragettes? We knew it was going to be icy, and we had to be careful. When we were going downhill.

2007 singles , Automobile , Driver's license 1254 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Craig Harper Comm/215 Essentials of College Writing September 19, 2012 Richard Cammarota . Persuasive Essay Crime is on the rise throughout America and it is happening at The Story of Israel, alarming rate. The offenders are getting younger and younger and they seem to have no respect for other people property or values. Violent crimes is on the rise and the offenders getting younger and creating homelessness. This is just part of what I want to discuss in my essay . . Bloods , Crime , Criminology 772 Words | 3 Pages.

Driving age should not be raised Vroom, vroom! The first time behind the wheel alone--exciting, nerve-racking, free. No parents . or instructors, just yourself and the car; all decisions are solely made by you. Are you ready, are you. Treatment? old enough? The discussion of keeping the minimum driving age at 16 or raising it to 21 revolves around generic maturity, but there is more than just that to look at. The Story Of Israel Essay? After reviewing all pros and cons, the minimum age for being allowed to operate motor vehicles should.

Chauffeur , Commercial driver's license , Driver's education 812 Words | 3 Pages. Should U.S. States Raise the There, Me Margaret Essays Driving Age ? Teenagers worldwide view the privilege of driving as a coming of . age ritual. Recently, the Essay Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has called upon states to public limited, raise the The Story Essay driving age from sixteen to seventeen, or possibly even eighteen years old. Are You There, Reader? Essays? The Insurance Institute for of Israel, Highway Safety, or IIHS, is a research group funded by the auto insurance industry. Research by the IIHS has shown that car crashes are the leading cause of death amongst teenagers. Adolescence , Automobile , Car safety 937 Words | 3 Pages. ? bcom/215 Persuasive Essay At least 11% of treatment, women smoke during pregnancy. Essay? Many of these . women smoke without knowing the of a public company significant negative effects smoking has on their babies before, during, and after the pregnancy. The Story Of Israel? When a woman smokes during pregnancy, she exposes her baby to dangerous chemicals such as tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, and other poisonous chemicals that travels through the bloodstream and summary goes directly to The Story of Israel Essay, the baby. Progressive Era Women's Suffrage? Nicotine restricts the oxygen.

Acute respiratory distress syndrome , Breastfeeding , Childbirth 788 Words | 3 Pages. Those are the of Israel types of arguments the proponents for the eighteen drinking age will generally give, but there is more to consider when it comes . to the topic of alcohol. Progressive Era Women's Suffrage? In an article published in The Los Angeles Times, Shari Roan explains the The Story Essay pros and progressive suffrage cons of the drinking age . She states that [there are] approximately 1,700 alcohol related deaths in the United States among college students each year and if the drinking age gets set to eighteen, this number is more than likely to rise. Alcohol. Alcohol , Alcohol abuse , Alcohol law 1126 Words | 3 Pages.

Persuasive Essay Ryan Murphy COMM/215 March 6, 2013 Gary Christiansen Persuasive Essay . The Story Of Israel? Sequester, what is patient, it? How did we get here? Who is at fault? These are the thing we will discuss. Recently a lot of people have been in an uproar over sequester and the spending cuts that will automatically take place. What most people fail to understand is of Israel, that this is not something that happened overnight it has loomed over Reader? It's Me Margaret, us for months and our government has failed to of Israel Essay, take appropriate action to prevent. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , George W. Bush 980 Words | 3 Pages.

Persuasive Essay Raquel Daniel COMM/215 Essentials of Are You There, Me Margaret, College Writing July 7, 2011 Cassundra Flemister-White . The Story Essay? Persuasive Essay Gangs Gangs are killing our upcoming generations. Gangs have always been around for many years and they are still growing. They are becoming more violent now because they are using more than just their body parts to beat up people. These gangs are killing and raping people. It used to benefits of a limited, be about of Israel, colors and down Without a Fight: Tumors Essay different language but now it is about something different. Bloods , Crime , Gang 921 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive essay to your Employer Maria Cummings-Pinole Comm. /105 May 22, 2010 Margaret Fletcher Persuasive . The Story Essay? essay to patient, your Employer Tuition reimbursement program is one thing that every company should consider to offer to their employees.

The program will not only benefit employees but the company as well. Companies who offer this program are usually at Essay, an upper hand over a company that does not offer it. Three advantages for a company that offer tuition reimbursement program are, more knowledge. Commerce , Company , Employment 960 Words | 3 Pages. Why the Driving Age Should Be Raised. The Reasons Why the Age Limit Should Be Raised to spider, 18 for Full Driving Privileges The national . driving age should be raised from 16 to 18 because it threatens not only The Story of Israel our children but also other innocent people on the road. Suffragettes Tactics? Statistics show that teenagers, especially sixteen year olds have more car accidents then drivers of The Story of Israel Essay, any other age . Teenagers do not have the suffragettes tactics same risk assessment skills that adults have. I know from bitter experience that 16 and 17 year olds lack the experience and. Adolescence , Car safety , Driver's education 1487 Words | 4 Pages.

Why the Driving Age Should Not Be Raised. deciders on this one. Lund and some others want to push the age at The Story of Israel, which a person can get their first drivers license to 17 or even . 18 . Of course, its all about safety. Lund a professional nag who heads an organization of nags says that teenage drivers are a menace to themselves and others and wants to use the billy stick of the federal government (via withheld highway funds) to compel states to Are You There,, raise their legal driving age just as the The Story of Israel Essay billy stick of federal money was used to impose. Car safety , Driver's education , Driver's license 821 Words | 3 Pages.

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1998 ap bio essay Teacher Sourcebook for Science Teaching. 1. Homeostatic maintenance of optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in vertebrate organisms. (a) Pancreatic hormones regulate blood glucose levels. Identify TWO pancreatic hormones and describe the effect. of each hormone on blood glucose levels. (b) For ONE of the hormones you identified in (a), identify ONE target cell and discuss the mechanism by which the. hormone can alter activity in that target cell. Include in The Story of Israel, your discussion a description of reception, cellular. transduction, and response. (c) Compare the cell-signaling mechanisms of steroid hormones and protein hormones. 3. A molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA) has just been synthesized in the nucleus of a human cell. a) What types of modifications may occur to this RNA before it leaves the nucleus? b) Once in the cytoplasm, how is the mRNA translated to a protein? c) If the cell is a secretory cell, how is the Are You There, Reader? Essays protein from Essay part (b) eventually targeted, packaged, and secreted to benefits of a public company the exterior of the cell?

1. A difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is seen in The Story of Israel Essay, the organization of their genetic material. a) DISCUSS the organization of the shock genetic material in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. b) CONTRAST the following activities in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. - Replicaton of DNA. - Transcription or translation. 4. The Story Of Israel. Scientists seeking to determine which molecule is responsible for the transmission of characteristics from one generation to the next knew that the. (1) copy itself precisely. (2) be stable but able to be changed. (3) be complex enough to determine the organism's phenotype. EXPLAIN how DNA meets each of the three criteria stated above. Select ONE of the criteria stated above and DESCRIBE experimental evidence used to determine that DNA is the hereditary material. The diagram below shows a segment of DNA with a total length of 4,900 base pairs. The arrows indicate reaction sites for restriction enzymes (enzyme X and enzyme Y). segment above. Assume that the digestions occurred under appropriate conditions and went to Not Going Without a Fight: Tumors Essay completion.

II. DNA digested with only enzyme Y. III. DNA digested with enzyme X and enzyme Y combined. IV. Undigested DNA. (1) The mechanism of action of restriction enzymes. Of Israel. (2) The different results you would expect if a mutation occurred at the recognition site for enzyme Y. Biological recognition is important in many processes at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels. Select three of the following, and for each of the three that you have chosen, explain how the process of recognition occurs and down Without a Fight: Breat Essay give an of Israel Essay, example. b. Neurotransmitters are recognized in the synapse. Hypovolemic Shock. c. The Story Of Israel Essay. Antigens trigger antibody responses. d. Progressive Suffrage. Nucleic acids are complementary. e. Target cells respond to specific hormones. Describe the steps of protein synthesis, beginning with the Essay attachments of a messenger RNA molecule to the small subunit of a ribosome and ending with the release of the polypeptide from the Are You Reader? It's Me Margaret Essays ribosome. Include in The Story Essay, your answer a discussion of how the patient spider different types of RNA function in this process.

Describe the biochemical composition, structure, and replication of DNA. Discuss how recombinant DNA techniques may be used to correct a point mutation. Describe the operon hypothesis and discuss how it explains the control of. Of Israel. messenger RNA production and the regulation of protein synthesis in. Describe the production and processing of a protein that will be exported from a. eukaryotic cell. Begin with the benefits of a public limited company separation of the messenger RNA from the DNA. Essay. template and end with the release of the protein at the plasma membrane.

Experiments by the following scientists provided critical information concerning. DNA. Describe each classical experiment and indicate how it provided evidence. for the chemical nature of the gene. a. Hershey and Chase - bacteriophage replication. b. Griffith and Without Tumors Essay Avery - bacterial transformation. Essay. c. There, It's Me Margaret Essays. Meselson and Stahl - DNA replication in bacteria. A portion of a specific DNA molecule consists of the The Story Essay following sequence of nucleotide triplets: TAC GAA CTT CGG TCC. This DNA sequence codes for the following short polypeptide: methionine - leucine - glutamic acid - proline - arginine. a) Describe the a noiseless patient steps in the synthesis of this polypeptide. b) What would be the effect of a deletion or an The Story of Israel, addition in one of the DNA nucleotides? What would be the effect of a substitution in one of the nucleotides? In relation to the chemical nature of the gene, describe: a. the chemical structure of the gene. b. the benefits of a public limited replication (self-copying) of the gene. c. gene mutations, including chromosomal aberrations. Proteins are composed of amino acid subunits which form stable. a. Describe how the genetic instructions coded in of Israel Essay, DNA are translated into the. primary structure (sequence of amino acid subunits) of a protein molecule. b. Explain how interactions among the individual amino acid subunits influence. the transformation of the molecule into Not Going Without Essay its three-dimensional structure and.

how they stabilize it. Describe protein synthesis in terms of molecular structures of the. nucleic acids and using a specific example, explain how a new phenotypic. characteristic may result from a change in DNA. Proteins and nucleic acids are fundamental molecules of the living state. Essay. a. Write word equations for the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, using appropriate subunits. b. A wide variety of macromolecules exists in proteins and nucleic acids. For each group, explain how it is possible to have such great variety of structure with a relatively small number of different subunits. c. Proteins functioning as enzymes exhibit precise specifications. Discuss the levels of structural organization within proteins which are responsible for suffragettes tactics specific molecular interaction. The formation of Watson-Crick complementary base pairs between single. strands of molecules of nucleic acids occurs in at least three separate reactions. Discuss each of these reactions from the following points of of Israel, view: a. the type of nucleic acids involved. b. the role of each nucleic acid in the duplication of cellular. Biologists and biochemists have made outstanding progress within the past. Are You It's Me Margaret. quarter century in elucidating principles and structures which govern the. activities of living matter.

These areas of progress include the structure. and code of the DNA molecule. Discuss this development and its impact on. biological thought and progress. Your answer should include: b. the names of the most prominent investigators involved. c. the nature of its impact on biology. Discuss the role of each of the The Story following in hypovolemic treatment, protein synthesis: a. soluble or transfer RNA. b. The Story. messenger RNA. Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA has been described as the chemical basis. of heredity. Discuss present-day concepts regarding its: a. chemical nature and physical structure. b. mode of duplication. c. A Noiseless Patient Spider Summary. relationship to of Israel protein synthesis. Discuss the gene, with regard to structure, duplication, mutation, and. nature of action. 4. The diagram above shows the succession of communities from annual plants to hardwood trees in a specific area over a period of time. (a) Discuss the It's expected changes in biodiversity as the stages of succession progress as shown in the diagram above. (b) Describe and explain THREE changes in abiotic conditions over time that lead to the succession, as shown in the diagram above. (c) For each of the following disturbances, discuss the immediate and long-term effects on ecosystem succession. (i) A volcano erupts, covering a 10-square-kilometer portion of a mature forest with lava. (ii) A 10- square-kilometer portion of a mature forest is clear-cut.

2. An experiment was conducted to measure the reaction rate of the human salivary enzyme #945; -amylase. Ten mL of a concentrated starch solution and 1.0 mL of #945; -amylase solution were placed in a test tube. The test tube was inverted several times to mix the solution and The Story Essay then incubated at 25C. The amount of product (maltose) present was measured every 10 minutes for an hour. The results are given in the table below. (a) Graph the data on the axes provided and calculate the Not Going down Tumors rate of the reaction for the time period 0 to 30 minutes. (b) Explain why a change in the reaction rate was observed after 30 minutes. (c) Draw and label another line on the graph to predict the Essay results if the concentration of #945; -amylase was doubled. Explain your predicted results. Of A Limited Company. (d) Identify TWO environmental factors that can change the rate of an enzyme-mediated reaction. Discuss how each of those two factors would affect the reaction rate of an enzyme. 1. Homeostatic maintenance of optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in vertebrate organisms. (a) Pancreatic hormones regulate blood glucose levels.

Identify TWO pancreatic hormones and describe the effect. of each hormone on blood glucose levels. (b) For ONE of the hormones you identified in (a), identify ONE target cell and discuss the mechanism by which the. hormone can alter activity in that target cell. Include in of Israel, your discussion a description of reception, cellular. transduction, and response. (c) Compare the cell-signaling mechanisms of steroid hormones and protein hormones. Biological recognition is important in shock, many processes at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels. Select three of the The Story of Israel Essay following, and for each of the three that you have chosen, explain how the process of recognition occurs and give an example. b. Neurotransmitters are recognized in the synapse. c. Antigens trigger antibody responses. d. Nucleic acids are complementary. Suffrage. e. Target cells respond to specific hormones. The Story Of Israel Essay. 1. The cell cycle is fundamental to the reproduction of progressive suffrage, eukaryotic cells. (a) Describe the phases of the cell cycle. (b) Explain the role of THREE of the following in mitosis or cytokinesis. ( c) Describe how the cell cycle is The Story, regulated and discuss ONE consequence of abnormal regulation. 2006B RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. 1. Sexual reproduction requires that half of the chromosomes in a zygote come from one parent and the other half from the second parent. a) DESCRIBE the process by which a germ cell's complement of chromosomes is halved in the formation of gametes. Benefits. b) Choose ONE organism or group of organisms that reproduce asexually. DESCRIBE the mode of asexual reproduction in that organism and explain the advantages to the organism of asexual reproduction. c) Choose ONE organism or group of organisms that reproduce sexually.

DESCRIBE the mode of sexual reproduction in that organism and explain the advantages to the organism of sexual reproduction. Of Israel. 1. Breat Tumors Essay. Meiosis reduces chromosome number and rearranges genetic information. a ) EXPLAIN how the reduction and rearrangement are accomplished in meiosis. Of Israel. b) Several human disorders occur as a result of defects in the meiotic process. IDENTIFY ONE such chromosomal abnormality; what effects does it have on progressive suffrage the phenotype of people with the disorder? DESCRIBE how this abnormality could result from a defect in meiosis. c) Production of offspring by parthenogenesis or cloning bypasses the The Story of Israel Essay typical meiotic process. DESCRIBE parthenogenesis or cloning and COMPARE the genomes of the offspring with those of the parents. 2008 Q1 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. 1. The physical structure of a protein often reflects and affects its function. (a) Describe THREE types of chemical bonds/interactions found in proteins. For each type, describe its role in determining protein structure.

(b) Discuss how the structure of a protein affects the function of TWO of the following. Regulation of enzyme activity. 2002 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. Structure related to function is one of the unifying themes in biology. This relationship between structure and function is evident in the macromolecules in Reader? Me Margaret Essays, living systems. For THREE of the FIVE in the following list, describe the The Story Essay structure of the molecule and explain how that structure aids in its function. a. Starch and glycogen as energy storage molecules. b. Cellulose and chitin as structural molecules. d. phospholipids and their role in cell membranes. e. DNA and its role in determining characteristics in organisms. Proteins and nucleic acids are fundamental molecules of the living state. a. Write word equations for the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, using appropriate subunits. b. A wide variety of macromolecules exists in proteins and nucleic acids. For each group, explain how it is possible to have such great variety of. structure with a relatively small number of different subunits. c. Proteins functioning as enzymes exhibit precise specifications. Suffragettes. Discuss. the levels of structural organization within proteins which are. responsible for The Story of Israel Essay specific molecular interactions.

Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA has been described as the chemical basis. of heredity. Not Going Down Without Tumors. Discuss present-day concepts regarding its: a. chemical nature and physical structure. b. mode of duplication. c. relationship to The Story Essay protein synthesis. 1.During an investigation of a freshwater lake, an AP Biology student discovers a previously unknown microscopic organism. Further study shows that the unicellular organism is eukaryotic. (a) Identify FOUR organelles that should be present in the eukaryotic organism and describe the function of a noiseless patient, each organelle. The Story Essay. (b) Prokaryotic cells lack membrane-bound organelles found in eukaryotes. However, prokaryotes must perform many of the same functions as eukaryotes.

For THREE of the organelles identified in shock, part (a), explain how prokaryotic cells carry out the associated functions. (c) According to the endosymbiotic theory, some organelles are believed to have evolved through a symbiotic relationship between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Describe THREE observations that support the endosymbiotic theory. 2006 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Respones. 1. A major distinction between prokaryotes and of Israel Essay eukaryotes is the benefits of a limited presences of membrane bound organelles in eukaryotes. a) DESCRIBE the structure and function of TWO eukaryotic membrane-bound organelles other than the nucleus. b) Prokaryotic and The Story of Israel eukaryotic cells have some non-membrane-bound organelles in common. DESCRIBE the function of TWO of the following and DISCUSS how each differs in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. c) EXPLAIN the endosymbiotic theory of the tactics origin of eukaryotic cells and The Story DISCUSS an example of evidence supporting this theory.

2002 Q4 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. 4. A Noiseless Patient Spider Summary. The following experiment was designed to test whether different concentration gradients affect the rate of diffusion. In this experiment, four solutions (0%, NaCl, 1% NaCl, 5% NaCl, and 10% NaCl) were tested under indentical conditions. Fifteen milliliters (mL) of 0% NaCl were put. a bag formed of dialysis tubing that is permeable to Na+, Cl-, and waer. The same was done for each NaCl solution. Each bag was submerged in a. separate beaker containing 300 mL of distilled water. The concentration of NaCl in The Story of Israel Essay, mg/mL in the water outside each bag was measured in 40-second intervals. The results from the 5% bag are shown in the table below. a) On the axes provided, GRAPH the data for the 5% NaCl solution. There, Reader? Me Margaret Essays. b) Using the same set of axes, DRAW and LABEL three additional lines representing the results that you would predict for the 0% NaCl, 1% NaCl, and. and of Israel Essay 10% NaCl solutions. Limited Company. EXPLAIN your predictions. c) Farmlands located near coastal regions are being threatened by encroaching seawater seeping into the soil. In terms of water movement into The Story or out of. plant cells, EXPLAIN why seawater could decrease crop production.

Include a discussion of water potential in shock treatment, your answer. Cells transport substances across their membranes. The Story Of Israel Essay. Choose THREE of the following four types of spider, cellular transport. For each of the three transport types you choose, a) describe the transport process and explain how the organization of cell membranes functions in the movement of specific molecules. across the membrane. b) explain the significance of The Story of Israel Essay, each type of transport to a specific cell (you may use different cell types as examples.) True-breeding bronze-eyed males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding normal-winged males were crossed with true-breeding stunted-winged females. All the F1 offspring had stunted wings. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for hypovolemic the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding bronze-eyed, stunted-winged males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed, normal winged females.

All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes and stunted wings. The F1 flies were crossed with true breeding red-eyed, normal-winged flies, and the results are shown in the table below. (a) What conclusions can be drawn from The Story of Israel cross I and cross II? Explain how the data support your conclusions for each cross. (b) What conclusions can be drawn from the era women's data from cross III? Explain how the data support your conclusions. (c) Identify and discuss TWO different factors that would affect whether the islands fly population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for the traits above. True-breeding bronze-eyed males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding normal-winged males were crossed with true-breeding stunted-winged females. All the F1 offspring had stunted wings. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in of Israel Essay, the table below.

True-breeding bronze-eyed, stunted-winged males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed, normal winged females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes and stunted wings. The F1 flies were crossed with true breeding red-eyed, normal-winged flies, and the results are shown in the table below. (a) What conclusions can be drawn from hypovolemic shock cross I and cross II? Explain how the data support your conclusions for The Story of Israel Essay each cross. (b) What conclusions can be drawn from the data from cross III? Explain how the data support your conclusions. Hypovolemic Treatment. (c) Identify and discuss TWO different factors that would affect whether the islands fly population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for the traits above. 1. The Story. The unique properties (characteristics) of water make life possible on Earth.

Select three properties of water and. a) for each property, identify and define the property and explain it in terms of the physical/chemical nature of water. b) for each property, describe one example of Not Going down a Fight: Tumors Essay, how the property affects the functioning of living organisms. The Story. 2. Ecological succession describes the pattern of tactics, changes in communities over time. The graph below shows changes in plant diversity following the abandonment of an agricultural field in a temperate biome. (a) Discuss the differences in plant diversity shown in the graph and explain how the The Story of Israel Essay changes affect the animal species composition between years 0 and 120. (b) Identify TWO biotic and TWO abiotic factors and discuss how each could influence the pattern of ecological succession. (c) Design a controlled experiment to determine how the diversity of plant species in a newly abandoned field would be affected by large herbivores. 1. The cell cycle is There, It's Me Margaret Essays, fundamental to the reproduction of eukaryotic cells. (a) Describe the phases of the of Israel cell cycle. (b) Explain the role of THREE of the following in patient spider, mitosis or cytokinesis. ( c) Describe how the cell cycle is regulated and discuss ONE consequence of abnormal regulation. 1. Homeostatic maintenance of optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in vertebrate organisms. The Story Of Israel Essay. (a) Pancreatic hormones regulate blood glucose levels. Era Women's Suffrage. Identify TWO pancreatic hormones and The Story describe the shock effect. of each hormone on blood glucose levels. (b) For ONE of the hormones you identified in (a), identify ONE target cell and discuss the mechanism by which the. The Story Of Israel Essay. hormone can alter activity in that target cell. Include in Not Going down Breat, your discussion a description of reception, cellular. transduction, and response. (c) Compare the cell-signaling mechanisms of steroid hormones and protein hormones.

2. An experiment was conducted to measure the reaction rate of the human salivary enzyme #945; -amylase. Ten mL of a concentrated starch solution and 1.0 mL of #945; -amylase solution were placed in a test tube. The test tube was inverted several times to mix the solution and then incubated at 25C. The amount of product (maltose) present was measured every 10 minutes for an hour. The Story Of Israel Essay. The results are given in the table below. (a) Graph the data on a noiseless the axes provided and calculate the rate of the reaction for the time period 0 to 30 minutes. (b) Explain why a change in the reaction rate was observed after 30 minutes. (c) Draw and label another line on the graph to predict the results if the concentration of #945; -amylase was doubled. Explain your predicted results. (d) Identify TWO environmental factors that can change the rate of an enzyme-mediated reaction. Discuss how each of those two factors would affect the reaction rate of an of Israel, enzyme. True-breeding bronze-eyed males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed females.

All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in hypovolemic shock treatment, the table below. True-breeding normal-winged males were crossed with true-breeding stunted-winged females. All the The Story of Israel Essay F1 offspring had stunted wings. F1 flies were crossed, and benefits public limited the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding bronze-eyed, stunted-winged males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed, normal winged females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes and stunted wings.

The F1 flies were crossed with true breeding red-eyed, normal-winged flies, and the results are shown in the table below. Explain how the data support your conclusions for The Story of Israel each cross. (b) What conclusions can be drawn from the data from cross III? Explain how the data support your conclusions. (c) Identify and discuss TWO different factors that would affect whether the islands fly population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for the traits above. 4. The diagram above shows the succession of progressive suffrage, communities from annual plants to hardwood trees in a specific area over a period of time. (a) Discuss the The Story Essay expected changes in progressive, biodiversity as the stages of succession progress as shown in the diagram above. (b) Describe and explain THREE changes in abiotic conditions over time that lead to the succession, as shown in the diagram above. (c) For each of the following disturbances, discuss the immediate and The Story of Israel Essay long-term effects on ecosystem succession. (i) A volcano erupts, covering a 10-square-kilometer portion of a mature forest with lava. (ii) A 10- square-kilometer portion of a mature forest is clear-cut.

3. A molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA) has just been synthesized in the nucleus of a human cell. a) What types of modifications may occur to this RNA before it leaves the shock treatment nucleus? b) Once in the cytoplasm, how is the mRNA translated to a protein? c) If the cell is a secretory cell, how is the protein from part (b) eventually targeted, packaged, and secreted to the exterior of the cell?

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Essay: Listening comprehension in the EFL environment. LISTENING COMPREHENSION THEORY OVERVIEW. This chapter contains an overview of theory related to listening comprehension in EFL environment. First, the importance of listening comprehension is discussed. Second, difficulties in Essay, listening comprehension for EFL learners are illustrated. Third, listening comprehension processing is discussed. Fourth, evidences from previous related research that listening instruction could lead to benefits limited company, improvement, as measured by pre-tests and post-tests, were discussed. Fifth, nature and characteristics of childrens learning are reviewed.

Lastly, research questions of the present study are stated. 1. Of Israel. The Importance of Listening Comprehension. The increased importance of listening comprehension in language learning may be attributed largely to the development of communicative language teaching approach, which attempts to prepare learners to transfer their classroom skills to real-life context, over the past three decades (Asher, 1977; Krashen, 1982; Omaggio Hadley, 2001; Vande Berg, 1993). There has been a shift from non-teaching listening comprehension in the audio-lingual period to patient, teaching listening comprehension in a strategy-based approach (Mendelsohn, 1998). Before World War II, the teaching of reading was given the most attention while that of listening comprehension was the The Story Essay, most infertile and the least understood language skill (Winitz, 1981). Under the predominant audio-lingual approach in the 1960s and the early 1970s, the teaching of listening comprehension was still minor.

With the increasing interest towards communicative language teaching approach, several researches revealed the importance of listening comprehension (Brown #038; Yule, 1983; Faerch #038; Kasper, 1986; Feyten, 1991; Long, 1985). Of A Public Limited Company. Listening comprehension has ever since received a lot more attention in language teaching. On the one hand, technological advances and the growing awareness of the importance of listening in the world have made listening even more important in the communication process (Mendelsohn, 1998). In current globalized society, with universal and massive exposure to radio, television, satellite broadcasts, and internet, individuals are expected to of Israel Essay, be increasingly prepared to receive information through listening and hypovolemic treatment, speaking, more than ever before (Dunkel, 1991; Vande Berg, 1993). On the other hand, some scholars (Nord, 1981; Wintiz, 1981) considered proficiency in listening comprehension as a necessary condition for acquiring production language skills, specifically speaking and writing. The comprehension-based teaching approach supports that students at the beginning level should be allowed to keep silent until they feel safe and ready to produce the target language. Thus, it can be reasonably concluded that students are probably engaged in The Story Essay, listening before they are able to speak and write in the target language, which means that second language instruction at a beginning level should focus on developing learners listening comprehension ability. Still, other scholars (Dunkel, 1991; Long, 1985; Rost, 1990; Vogely, 1999) stressed that listening is a noiseless patient spider, important because it provides input as the raw material for learners to process in language learning. Without correctly understanding the The Story of Israel, input, any learning simply cannot begin (Rost, 1994). Furthermore, the failure of listening comprehension of the target language is an impetus, not merely an obstacle, to language learning as well as to communication interaction (Rost, 1994). The recognition of the importance of listening comprehension has resulted in an increased number of listening activities in students textbooks and of a limited company, even in comprehension-based methodology texts designed specifically for teaching listening (Anderson #038; Lynch, 1988; Rost, 1990; Underwood, 1989; Ur, 1984).

Several studies have found that through the use of effective pre-listening activities, instructors can increase students understanding of the listening passages, which in turn develops their listening proficiency and contributes to their mastery of the The Story of Israel Essay, target language (Herron, 1994; Richards, 1983; Rubin, 1994; Teichert, 1996; Vande Berg, 1993). 2. There, Me Margaret Essays. Difficulties in Listening Comprehension for EFL Learners. The first difficulty in listening comprehension for The Story Essay EFL learners is that they are less likely to share the same schema with native speakers (Ur, 1984; Harmer, 2001). As Kant (1781/ 1963) claimed, new information, new concepts, and treatment, new ideas can have meaning only when they can be related to something the individual already knows. This applies as much to second language comprehension as it does to comprehension in ones native language. The empirical research in the related field has come to be known as schema theory and has demonstrated the The Story of Israel Essay, truth of progressive era women's suffrage, Kants original observation and of the opening quote from Anderson et al (1977). Schema theory research has shown the importance of background knowledge in language comprehension (Bartlett, 1932; Rumelhart, 1980; Rumelhart #038; Ortony, 1977). According to Essay, schema theory, a text provides directions for listeners or readers as to how they should retrieve or construct meaning from their own previously acquired knowledge.

This previously acquired knowledge is called the Not Going down a Fight:, listeners or readers background knowledge, and the previously acquired knowledge structures are called schemata (Bartlett, 1932; Adams #038; Collins, 1979; Rumelhart, 1980). The Story Of Israel. The prior knowledge, or schema, that a L2 listener brings to the listening task plays a vital part in interpreting the material, and should be considered in the evaluation of learners listening comprehension (Long, 1990; Raphan, 1996). Based on schema theory, the process of suffragettes tactics, interpretation and comprehension is guided by the principle that every input is mapped against some existing schema and that all aspects of that schema must be compatible with the The Story of Israel Essay, input information (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983). Efficient language comprehension requires the ability to relate the textual input to ones own background knowledge, which means that understanding words, sentences, and suffrage, entire texts relies not merely on The Story, ones linguistic knowledge but also the There, It's, knowledge of the world (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983). According to Richards (1983), much of our knowledge of the world is organized around scripts, which is our memory about particular situations, the The Story of Israel, goals, participants, and procedures commonly associated with them, and the information needed to understand is therefore not explicitly present in the utterance but is provided by the listeners from their repertoire of scripts.

This means that the connections between events need not be specified when we talk about them, since they are already known and can be inferred. Without the right kind of pre-existing knowledge, or relevant script, comprehension may become very difficult (Harmer, 2001; Richards, 1983). Non-native speakers may have a different shared knowledge of cultural reference and discourse patterning in their own language and culture; their individual scripts may differ in suffrage, certain degree and content from target language scripts, and that poses additional problems for some foreign language learners who have to work twice as hard to understand what they hear. Of Israel Essay. (Harmer, 2001; Richards, 1983; Underwood, 1989). The second difficulty is that EFL learners are usually much less familiar with different accents and that they sometimes have considerable problems when they encounter a new accent in benefits of a company, the listening process (Kennedy, 1978). Accent is potentially an important variable in listening comprehension (Buck, 2001).

Many foreign-language learners who are used to the accent of their own teacher are surprised when they find they have difficulty understanding someone else (Ur, 1984). An unfamiliar accent can cause problems in communication and may disrupt the whole comprehension process (Buck, 2001; Kelly, 1991). Native speakers are generally used to The Story of Israel Essay, listening to a variety of accents while EFL learners are less exposed to different accents (Buck, 2001). Besides, learners who have more experience in listening to and understand a number of different accents are more likely to be able to cope successfully with listening tasks than those who have only heard one or two (Ur, 1984). Therefore, it seems reasonable to conclude that it generally takes a L2 learner much longer to adjust to the voice if the accent is Are You There, Reader?, very different from The Story Essay any with which he is familiar than a native speaker (Buck, 2001; Kelly, 1991).

The third difficulty is tactics, that EFL learners are less capable of perceiving prosodic features in The Story of Israel, English speech which have a direct impact on how listeners process and interpret discourse segments (Buck, 2001; Lynch, 1998; Rubin, 1994). The rhythmic pattern of spoken English is one of its distinctive features (Richards, 1983). Unlike many languages in hypovolemic, the world that are syllable-timed, which means that the The Story, length of time required to pronounce an utterance depends upon a Fight: the number of syllables it contains, English is of Israel Essay, a stressed-timed language (Buck, 2001; Richards, 1983). What this means is that the time between stressed syllables is reasonably constant in any utterance, and the remaining syllables in shock, the utterance, no matter how many there are, must accommodate to of Israel Essay, the rhythm established by the stressed syllables (Buck, 2001; Richards, 1983; Vann Lier, 1995). As a stressed-timed language, the a noiseless summary, following English sentences would take about the same amount of time to articulate, even though the number of The Story of Israel, syllables contained in each sentence is very different (Richards, 1983; Vann Lier, 1995):

The CAT is INTerested in proTECTing its KITTens. LARGE CARS WASTE GAS. The result of the stress-timed language is that the words between the hypovolemic, stressed syllables are pronounced very quickly, with no stress or mild stress, and if there are more words they are pronounced even quicker to fit in the short time, subjecting to The Story, considerable phonological modification (Buck, 2001). Also, Vanderplank (1988) argues that perception of stress is an spider summary important factor in The Story of Israel, rapid and suffragettes, efficient listening comprehension. This adds another dimension to the listeners task, since listeners must learn the complex set of Essay, rules that determine the pronunciation of down a Fight: Breat Tumors Essay, connected speech and be able to identify words according to the rhythmic structure within which they occur (Buck, 2001; Richards, 1983). Any lack of such phonological knowledge can pose comprehension difficulty (Buck, 2001). In the research of Henricksen (1984), most native speakers had little difficulty understanding words in their modified form in an utterance whereas the presence of phonological modification significantly reduces comprehension for second-language listeners. In addition, Vanderplank (1985) found interesting differences in native speakers and non-native speakers ability to perceive stress by The Story, addressing that native speakers were in patient summary, general agreement as to sentence stress location, while only a small number of non-native speakers agree with native speaker judgments as to stress location, and the ability to perceive stress location was not significantly linked to level of Essay, English ability in learners (p.

38). Still, Bond and public limited, Garnes (1980) agree that speech perception is also subject to what they call heuristic strategies such as paying attention to stress, intonation patterns, and stressed vowels. The Story Essay. Therefore, listeners need to know how the sound system works in There, It's Me Margaret Essays, English speech, in order to be able to The Story, process natural listening task in real time (Buck, 2001). The fourth difficulty is down Without, that hesitation and pausing could cause perceptual problems and thus comprehension errors for non-native speakers (Voss, 1979). In his study, 22 non-native speakers of English were asked to The Story, listen to a passage of spontaneous speech, about 210 words long. Results indicated that nearly one-third of all perception errors were related to hesitation phenomena. These errors were due to listeners either misinterpreting hesitations as words, or parts of words, or to misinterpreting parts of words as hesitations (Voss, 1979). Suffragettes Tactics. In contrast, some researches indicated that hesitation and pausing help listening comprehension (Blau, 1990; Blau, 1991; Dunkel, 1988; Friedman #038; Johnson, 1971; Johnson #038; Friedman, 1971). However, Voss is the only one among these researchers who used real and of Israel, spontaneous speech.

All of the other studies used a written text read aloud. A Noiseless. Voss (1979) suggests that native speakers are usually not bothered by hesitation phenomena since they possess strategies to of Israel, recognize and process such phenomena while focusing on meaning, and non-native speakers get stuck in bottom-up processing of phonetic utterances that do not affect meaning, while native speakers discard these utterances in favour of top-down processing. Are You Reader? It's Me Margaret Essays. There are indications that in some cases hesitation and pausing can help listening comprehension, and in others they may cause problems (Buck, 2001). In the researches of Friedman #038; Johnson (1971) and Johnson #038; Friedman (1971), pauses inserted at meaningful syntactic boundaries can benefit comprehension, whereas random pauses do not. When one-second pauses were introduced into a text at The Story Essay the juncture between clauses, comprehension improved, while pauses inserted randomly into the text resulted in lower levels of comprehension (Friedman #038; Johnson, 1971; Johnson #038; Friedman, 1971). Consequently, the ability to understand spoken English must include the benefits of a public limited, ability to deal with hesitation and pausing (Buck, 2001). Hesitation and pausing also affects our impression of the The Story, pace of speech (Richards, 1983). The impression of faster or slower speech generally results from the public company, amount of of Israel Essay, pausing that speakers use (Richards, 1983). Stanley (1978) suggests that when speech was faster, language learners constantly failed to perceive individual phonemes and suffrage, hence words with which they were already familiar (1978: 289). Comprehension declines as the speakers talk faster, and the weight of the evidence suggests that the decline in comprehension is rather slow until a threshold level is reached, at The Story of Israel Essay which time an increased speech rate leads to down Without a Fight: Tumors Essay, a much more rapid decline in comprehension (Buck, 2001).

Griffiths (1990) found potential evidence that speech faster than two-hundred words per minute (w.p.m.) is difficult for The Story Essay lower-intermediate learners to understand. He found that this level of students perform best at 127 w.p.m. Moreover, Griffiths (1992) investigated the suffragettes tactics, effects of three different speech rates (127, 188, and 250 w.p.m.) on of Israel Essay, listening comprehension of Not Going down a Fight: Tumors Essay, second-language learners and concluded that comprehension was significantly better at the slowest speech rate and worse at the higher rates. On the other hand, Blau (1990; 1991) found that speech ranging from 145 to 185 w.p.m. did not significantly affect listening comprehension of intermediate- and advanced-level L2 learners. As for the general concept of speech rate, Rivers (1981) cites the following figures: Fast: above 220 w.p.m. Moderately fast: 190-220 w.p.m. Average: 160-220 w.p.m. Moderately slow: 130-160 w.p.m. Slow: below 130 wpm.

Besides, Sticht (1971) quotes a normal speech rate of 165 to Essay, 180 words per suffragettes tactics, minute for The Story Essay native speakers of English. Based on the researches abovementioned, speech rate is one of the variables that affect listening comprehension, which may relate to text variables, such as vocabulary, syntax or topic, type of suffrage, text used, and amount of background knowledge required (Buck, 2001; Rubin, 1994). The fifth difficulty is of Israel, that learners tend to think they have to completely understand what they hear, consequently causing anxiety (Rubin, 1994; Ur, 1984). Most foreign-language learners run into a psychological problem: they have a kind of obligation to understand everything, even things that are not important, and they feel discouraged and may even completely give up listening if they encounter an incomprehensible word (Rubin, 1994; Ur, 1984). Foreign language beginning learners have to understand all when they hear only single words or short sentences. However, when listening comprehension passages get longer, they still assume that total comprehension is successful comprehension, and find it very difficult to get used to the idea that they can be competent listeners with less than one hundred percent comprehension (Ur, 1984). From the a noiseless spider summary, anecdotal evidence in the research of OMalley et al. (1989), it is The Story, found that effective listeners seemed to be aware when they stopped attending and made an effort to redirect their attention to the task (p.

428) and ineffective listeners reported that when they encountered an unknown word or phrase in a listening text, they usually just stopped listening or failed to a noiseless summary, be aware of their inattention (p. The Story. 428). Foreign-language learners have this difficulty probably because their receptive system is overloaded (Ur, 1984). Summary. They have to work much harder at decoding than native listeners and try to interpret every detail as it comes up instead of relaxing and taking a broader view. Compared with reading and The Story, writing, listening is more stressful for learners since it involves serious time constraints on processing, which cause learners anxiety (Ur, 1984). 3. Of A Limited Company. Listening Comprehension Processing. Most models of listening perception in language learning include what is usually referred to as top-down, bottom-up and interactive processing. 3.1.

Top-down processing. In top-down processing, the listeners need to use their pre-existing knowledge to interpret or get a general view of the listening passage and to create appropriate and plausible expectation of what they are about to come across (Harmer, 2001; Goodman 1967; Shohamy #038; Inbar, 1991; Smith 1971). Top-down processing occurs as the perceptual system makes general predictions based on The Story of Israel, general schemata, or prior knowledge, and then searches the input, either visual or auditory, for information to hypovolemic, fit into, or verify these predictions, and thus top-down processing is conceptually-driven or knowledge-based (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983; Shohamy #038; Inbar, 1991). In the study of Shohamy and Inbar (1991), it was reasonably hypothesized that listeners who employed a knowledge-based approach first made predictions about the passage they were about to listen to, basing their predictions on the questions they previewed prior to listening. In the first listening listeners might have checked their hypotheses and of Israel, only afterwards, in a second listening, may have filled in the information gaps by supplying the local cues. Bacon (1989) and Vande Berg (1993) found that appropriate pre-listening activities could benefit learners comprehension for various listening exercises. Advance organizers, such as brainstorming (Vande Berg, 1993), illustrations and shock treatment, key words (Teichert, 1996), picture prediction (Harmer, 2001) and making inferences after listening to The Story of Israel, a series of sentences (Brown, 2001), can be used to facilitate learners top-down processing and help them be engaged in listening tasks. 3.2.

Bottom-up processing. In bottom-up processing, the listener focuses on individual words and phrases by decoding the era women's suffrage, linguistic input rapidly and The Story, accurately to refute implausible interpretation, and achieves understanding by shock treatment, combining these detailed elements together to of Israel Essay, build up a whole view of the listening passage (Harmer, 2001; Carrell 1983, 1988; Carrell #038; Eisterhold 1983; Rost 1990). Thus, bottom-up processing is data-driven or text-based (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983; Rubin, 1994). There are two types of comprehension strategies identified by Van Dijk and Kintsch (1983): one is local strategies which require learners attention to relations and Not Going Tumors, links between the facts denoted by local clauses and sentences, and the other is of Israel, global/ macro-strategies which require a focus on the overall coherence, gist or topic of suffragettes, a text. Based on the statements above mentioned, it can be concluded that the local strategies are related to bottom-up processing while the global/ macro-strategies are related to top-down processing. Kelly (1991) proposed that in the early stages of foreign language learning, learners rely very much on bottom-up processing when listening and only when they consider that they are making progress to the proficiency and skills in the foreign language, they bring into semantic and other knowledge related to top-down processing. Some bottom-up pre-listening activities were proposed by several researchers to make listening comprehension easier. Providing listeners with key vocabulary before listening proved valuable in Raphans (1996) and of Israel, Rosts (2002) studies. Harmer (2001) mentioned a bottom-up processing activity of finding differences between a written text and a recorded account of the suffrage, same events that can be implemented in teaching listening. The Story Of Israel. Another bottom-up activity for beginning listeners is to listen to a series of sentences and era women's suffrage, then circle one (out of three) verb form contained in of Israel, the sentences (Brown, 2001).

3.3. Interactive processing. Listening comprehension is considered by some researchers as an Not Going down interactive process between top-down and The Story, bottom-up processing and as a continuous modification of a noiseless spider summary, a developing interpretation in response to incoming information and pre-existing knowledge (Brownell, 1996; Buck, 1991; Harmer, 2001). Perception occurs when sufficient information has been provided both from the expectations set up by The Story of Israel Essay, top-down processing and from linguistic input by down Without a Fight:, bottom-up processing (Kelly, 1991). Of Israel. According to Kelly (1991), if the sound signal is weak, obscured or incomplete, the listener will probably make greater use of top-down processing; similarly, it is when the listeners expectations are low or not sensible that he will need to rely more on the sensory level and to hear clearly what is being said by bottom-up processing, and such view of perception processing would probably fit in with almost all current models of auditory speech perception. Similarly, some studies have indicated that effective listening comprehension takes place when the listener can successfully monitor their interpretation by constantly checking it against the incoming linguistic cues and to modify their hypotheses accordingly (Tyler #038; Warren, 1987; Buck, 1990).

In his research, Buck (1990) indicated that a number of listeners monitored the incoming information with what they had already heard before or with their background knowledge to develop their interpretation of the listening text. Further, there were instances in his study that serious comprehension problems had occurred when listeners failed to notice their developing interpretations were incompatible with the incoming information. In addition, OMalley, Chamot, and Kupper (1989) indicated that bottom-up processing is only fragmentary for efficient EFL listeners; they activate more L1 knowledge in the form of schemata and use both top-down and bottom-up strategies to construct meaning. Hildyard and Olson (1982) found that efficient listeners and readers use the knowledge-based interactive mode of text processing, while low level students relate mostly to local details. According to Rumelhart (1980), both top-down and bottom-up processing should be occurring at treatment all levels simultaneously: bottom-up processing ensures that the listeners will be sensitive to information that is new or contradictory to their ongoing hypotheses about the text; top-down processing helps the of Israel Essay, listeners to resolve ambiguities or to select between alternative possible interpretations of the incoming data. 3.4. Effectiveness of top-down and Not Going down Tumors Essay, bottom-up processing. There is continuous discussion about the role of The Story Essay, top-down and tactics, bottom-up processing in listening comprehension, but little could we conclude whether top-down or bottom-up processing is more important to a listener. Some studies indicated that successful listening comprehension depends more on top-down processing. In the researches of Carrell #038; Eisterhold (1983), Conrad (1981, 1985), Hildyard #038; Olson (1982), Kelly (1991), Meyer #038; McConkie (1973), Rumelhart (1983), Shohamy #038; Inbar (1991), Van Dijk #038; Kintsh (1983), it is found that skilled listeners, like proficient readers, use a knowledge-based mode of text processing, namely top-down processing, whereas less-skilled listeners and readers both attend mostly to of Israel Essay, local details as in the bottom-up processing. Similarly, Voss (1984) found that successful speech perception depends on an active reconstruction process applying top-down strategies to Reader? Me Margaret Essays, the acoustic input, i.e., assigning ultimate values to segments and other lower-order units on the basis of hypotheses about a larger stretch (p.

148). In Weissenreiders (1987) study, schemata which are crucial in top-down processing were found to be beneficial in The Story of Israel, listening comprehension. Suffragettes. Her results show that both textual schemata (knowledge about the The Story of Israel, newscast processing) and tactics, content schemata (topic familiarity with specific news) help the listening comprehension of non-native speakers, particularly when participants are capable of incorporating cognitive strategies. Lund (1991) provides evidence for top-down processing in his study by comparing listening and The Story Essay, reading of first-, second-, and third-semester university students of hypovolemic treatment, German. Of Israel. He concluded that participants relied considerably on top-down processing in listening tasks. Wolff (1987) worked with twelve- to eighteen-year-old German students of English and found that while students appeared to make a simultaneous use of bottom-up and top-down processing with an treatment easy listening text, they used more top-down processing strategies for more difficult texts. In addition, some researches indicated that beginners rely very heavily on background knowledge and hardly use other cues in listening comprehension while learners with better linguistic proficiency use their greater linguistic knowledge and experience to help them understand a text (Mueller, 1980; Vandergrift, 1997). Thus, providing background information and previewing are particularly important and of Israel Essay, effective for the less proficient language student to comprehend a text (Hudson, 1982).

Nevertheless, some studies indicated that successful listening comprehension relies more on bottom-up processing than on top-down strategies. Era Women's. Schemata in top-down processing can also have dysfunctional effects on listening comprehension (Long, 1990; OMalley et al., 1989). In Longs (1990) study, participants completed a survey of their background knowledge of two topics used, namely, gold rush and rock groups, and he found that participants overextended their gold rush schemata onto The Story of Israel Essay, a set of data that were clearly incompatible. Reader? Me Margaret Essays. It is Essay, clear, then, that schemata can hurt, as well as help listening comprehension and There, Reader? It's Me Margaret Essays, it can also be inferred that linguistic knowledge plays a prominent role in comprehension when appropriate schemata are not available to the listener (Long, 1990). 4. Evidences from Previous Research Related to Listening Comprehension.

Results from previous research that instruction can lead to listening improvement, as measured by pre-tests and post-tests, are inconsistent. On the one hand, there was no significant improvement in the studies of The Story Essay, Johnson and Long (2007), OMalley et al. Suffragettes. (1985), and The Story, McGruddy (1995). Progressive Era Women's Suffrage. Johnson and Long (2007) assessed listening competency of college students through the Watson-Barker Listening Test (Watson #038; Barker, 2000). There were no significant differences between the scores of pre- and The Story, post-test after listening instruction, indicating that listening instruction did not influence performance-based listening ability. OMalley et al. (1985) found differences, but not statistically significant, in shock treatment, the scores at the post-test of EFL learners who received different types of listening instruction. In the research of The Story of Israel Essay, McGruddy (1995), significant differences in pre-test and post-test were observed merely in a non-standardized listening test rather than in a standardized test. On the other hand, some studies revealed more success in terms of listening instruction. In the study of Are You There, Reader? Me Margaret, Nichols, Brown and Keller (2006), the trained group of 31 freshman students made significant gains in scores during the period of listening instruction.

In Kohlers (2002) study, 70 learners of Spanish at a university received listening instruction. Their listening comprehension significantly increased, compared with the The Story Essay, non-intervention group. However, there does not appear to have been a pre-test of learners listening comprehension, without which it is difficult to conclude Kohlers claim of significant improvement in listening comprehension of the suffragettes tactics, experimental group. In addition, in of Israel, the study of Reader? It's Me Margaret, Graham and Macaro (2008), 151 senior high school students of French as a foreign language in England were targeted, and a positive impact of listening strategy instruction was noticed. Of Israel. Students who underwent listening instruction significantly outperformed those who did not receive such instruction, and students reported that they themselves recognized this improvement. 5. Characteristics of Childrens Learning. Based on the theory of Piaget and Inhelder (1969), there are four phases of childrens cognitive development, which are sensory-motor period, preoperational period, concrete operation period and formal operation period. The period of concrete operation generally represents the elementary school students, ranging from a noiseless patient spider 7 to 12 years old. Children in the concrete operation period begin to think logically. Operations are associated with personal experience and are in concrete situation, but not in abstract manipulation. Childrens learning in this period relies heavily on operational activities, such as objects, pictures and Essay, physical experiments.

Another theory concerning childrens learning is the scaffolding theory (Wood, Bruner, #038; Ross, 1976) which was developed based on the concept of zone of proximal development proposed by Vygotsky (1978). Zone of proximal development refers to the differences between the summary, level of actual development and of Israel Essay, the level of limited, potential development; the level of actual development means childrens actual independent problem-solving competence while the level of The Story Essay, potential development means childrens problem-solving competence developed either through the leading or guidance from adults or instructors or through the There, It's, collaboration or cooperation with more competent peers (Wertsch, 1984). The zone, or the difference, of The Story of Israel, proximal development does not mean a fixed distance or concrete space of learning; rather, it refers to the possible, learnable scope created by the interaction between people and its changes with the development of individuals (Cole, 1985; Moll, 1990). Scaffolding, when applied in Are You There, Me Margaret, teaching practices, generally refers to the development of learners gradual comprehension of knowledge through the interaction between the instructor and of Israel Essay, the learners. In such interaction, teachers, as assistants in a noiseless patient summary, childrens learning process, provide necessary assistance to foster learners cognition with the Essay, consideration of learners development level. The interaction which is the scaffolding in progressive suffrage, the teaching process generally follows the pattern of Essay, question asking from the tactics, teacher, replying from of Israel students, specific guidance of asking further questions from the suffragettes, teacher, and Essay, then replying from students. According to Harmer (2001), young children learn differently from adolescents, and adults in many ways. Children tend to progressive era women's suffrage, respond to of Israel Essay, meaning even if they do not understand individual words. Hypovolemic Treatment. They learn from everything around them rather than only The Story of Israel Essay focusing on the precise topic they are being taught.

Their understanding comes not just from explanation, but also from of a public company what they see and hear and, crucially, from what they have a chance to touch and of Israel, interact with. In addition, children have a limited attention span, unless activities are extremely engaging or interesting they can easily get bored, losing interest after around ten minutes. In the light of these characteristics, teachers at this level need to provide a rich diet of learning experiences which encourages students to get information from a variety of sources (Harmer, 2001). In addition, in suffragettes tactics, the process of scaffolding in teaching, it is essential for The Story Essay teachers to suffrage, be skilful in asking questions to activate students thinking and The Story of Israel, creativity, which are helpful in deepening and benefits public company, broadening the The Story of Israel Essay, language development of the students. Down Without A Fight: Breat Essay. Teachers are suggested to avoid closed-ended, unimportant or forcing questions, but to provide open-ended, supportive or guiding ones to encourage the interaction between teachers and students. Teachers need to work with their students either individually or in groups to develop good relationships, and of Israel, need to plan a range of activities for a given time period, and to Not Going down Without a Fight:, be flexible enough to move on to the next exercise when they see their students getting bored. 6. Research Questions of the Essay, Present Study. Listening comprehension is important for EFL learners. Beginning instruction in a second language should focus on developing learners listening comprehension. In Romania, formal EFL beginning instruction falls in elementary education, a phase in which listening comprehension should be paid attention to.

It is a noiseless, likely that listening instruction in The Story Essay, elementary school puts more emphasis on bottom-up listening processing than on top-down processing. As Kelly (1991) noted, EFL beginning learners rely very much on suffragettes tactics, bottom-up listening processing, it is possible for elementary students to resort more to The Story of Israel, bottom-up processing when listening. Although some studies have investigated either the effects of different advance organizers on listening comprehension of undergraduate and junior-high school students (Sherman, 1997; Vande Berg, 1993; Herron, Hanley, #038; Cole, 1995) or how to teach high school students listening skills more effectively, little research has been done regarding the teaching of listening in elementary school, which is the beginning level of EFL learners. From the above discussion in the theory review, little research has targeted elementary EFL learners in suffragettes tactics, terms of listening instruction. The Story Of Israel Essay. The effect of listening instruction, as measured by pre-tests and post-tests, are inconsistent in previous research which mostly involved undergraduate and high school students. Although it is apparent that listening involves both top-down and bottom-up processing, most elementary English learners tend to focus on bottom-up rather than top-down processing (Kelly, 1991). Therefore, it would be valuable to investigate the hypovolemic treatment, effect of of Israel, listening instruction as well as the listening processing of benefits public limited company, elementary EFL learners. The present study focused on three research questions: (1) Do interactive processing teaching activities result in better listening performance than bottom-up teaching activities? (2) Why or why not? (3) When do elementary EFL learners rely on top-down processing, bottom-up processing and interactive processing? To address the research questions, comparison of of Israel, performance between two groups was conducted after the two groups of Not Going down Without Breat Tumors, participants had respectively received a series of of Israel, listening instruction, namely interactive pre-listening activities and bottom-up pre-listening activities so that the effectiveness of different pre-listening activities could be evaluated to investigate whether interactive processing activities lead to better performance than bottom-up processing activities. Furthermore, a questionnaire was administered for benefits the interactive group after the post-test to investigate when elementary EFL learners rely on top-down processing, bottom-up processing and interactive processing. Search our thousands of essays:

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